NUSA PENIDA, Indonesia — Indonesia on Sunday declared the coral-rich waters around Bali — a popular scuba diving spot which is home to the giant Mola-Mola ocean sunfish — a protected zone.
The 20,000-hectare (49,500 acre) area around Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Lembongan islands will be protected from destructive fishing, waste dumping and coral mining, project leader Marthen Welly told AFP.
“Destructive fishing is carried out by fishermen using cyanide and explosives,” Welly of the conservation group The Nature Conservancy (TNC) said.
“Many ships also throw anchors on the coral reefs and hotels and households dump wastes causing water pollution. Now they can’t do these anymore,” he said.
Guidelines for marine tourism will also be drawn up and zones carved out for various activities including fishing, tourism and seaweed mining, Welly said.
“We’ll need to consult the community further and we hope to do this within six months,” he added.
The islands are part of Coral Triangle, considered the world’s richest underwater wilderness which stretches across six nations between the Indian and Pacific oceans — Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, East Timor, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
Divers from all over the world arrive at the islands between July and September in the hope of seeing the Mola-Mola, a rare two-metre-long ocean sunfish.
The district government will provide 300 million rupiah (33,600 dollars) and aid agency USAID and TNC will each provide 50,000 dollars a year to run the project, TNC Indonesia director Arwandrija Rukma said.
Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Minister Fadel Muhammad said the project will contribute to the government’s target of creating 20 million hectares of maritime conservation parks by 2020, up from around 13 million currently.